How to plant organic carrots in your garden: in 5 steps

How to plant organic carrots in your garden: in 5 steps

Carrots are one of the most popular and versatile vegetables around. It can be consumed raw, cooked, roasted, grated, in salads, soups, cakes, juices and much more. In addition to being tasty, carrots are an excellent source of vitamin A, C and K, as well as potassium and fiber. These nutrients are essential for the health of the eyes, skin, hair, immune system, digestive system and cardiovascular system.

But did you know that you can plant it in your own garden? That's right, you don't need to buy it at the market or fair, you can grow carrots at home, without using pesticides, chemical fertilizers or GMOs. Therefore, it is healthier, tastier, cheaper and more sustainable.

In this article, we will teach you how to plant organically in your garden, from choosing the seeds to harvesting. We will show you the benefits, the challenges, the tips. We will explain how to prepare the soil, how to sow, how to irrigate, how to fertilize, how to prevent and combat pests, diseases and weeds, and how to harvest and store organic carrots.

We will provide you with sources, references and evidence that support the information presented. And we will give you examples, photos and videos that illustrate the step-by-step process of planting organic carrots in your garden.

carrot plantation

Why plant organic carrots in your garden?

Planting organic carrots in your garden has many advantages, both for you and the environment. See some reasons to plant

  • You guarantee a healthier carrot, as it does not contain pesticides, chemical fertilizers or GMOs, which can cause allergies, poisoning, cancer and other diseases.
  • You guarantee a tastier carrot, as it preserves the natural flavor and crunchy texture, which can be lost with the use of chemicals or industrial processes.
  • You guarantee a cheaper carrot, as you save the money you would have spent buying carrots at the market or fair, which may have high prices due to demand, supply, transportation, packaging and taxation.
  • You guarantee a more sustainable carrot, as you reduce the environmental impact of carrot cultivation, which can cause pollution, erosion, deforestation, loss of biodiversity and waste of water, energy and resources.
  • You guarantee a more fun carrot, as you can involve your family, your friends, your neighbors and your children in the process of planting organic carrots in your garden, creating moments of leisure, learning, coexistence and cooperation.

How to plant organic carrots in your garden?

Planting organically in your garden is not difficult, but it requires some care and attention. The carrot is a biennial plant, producing leaves in the first year and flowers and seeds in the second year.

However, we generally harvest carrots in the first year, when the root is developed and edible.

Carrots are a plant that adapts well to different climates, but prefer mild temperatures, between 15°C and 20°C. Carrots are also a plant that needs sun, water and nutrients to grow well. Next, we will show you step by step how to plant organic carrots in your garden, from choosing the seeds to harvesting.

Choosing the seeds

The first step in your garden is choosing the seeds. You can buy organic carrot seeds in specialty stores, farmers markets or online, or you can collect organic carrot seeds from other plants. The important thing is that the seeds are of quality, free from diseases, pests and chemicals. You can also choose between different varieties, which can have different colors, shapes, sizes and flavors.

For example, there are orange, yellow, red, purple, white and black carrots. There are cylindrical, conical, spherical and elongated carrots. There are small, medium and large carrots. There are sweet, bitter, spicy and neutral varieties. You can choose the variety that you like the most or that best suits your climate and soil. You can even mix different varieties to have a more diverse and colorful garden.

Soil preparation

The second step in your vegetable garden is to prepare the soil. The carrot is a plant that needs loose, light, deep, fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 6 and 6.8. You can prepare the soil in two ways: in beds or in pots. If you opt for raised beds, you must choose a location that receives at least 6 hours of sun per day, and that is at least 30 cm deep. You must turn the soil with a hoe or a fork to make it loose and airy. You must remove stones, clods, roots and other impurities that could hinder the carrot's growth.

You should add organic matter, such as earthworm humus, organic compost or tanned manure, to enrich the soil with nutrients. You must level the soil with a rake to make it even and smooth. You should water the soil with water to make it moist and soft.

If you opt for pots, you should choose a pot that is at least 30 cm deep and 20 cm in diameter, and that has holes at the bottom to drain excess water. You should place a layer of pebbles, pottery shards or expanded clay at the bottom of the pot to facilitate drainage. You must fill

Seeding

The third is to sow the seeds. Carrots are a plant that does not tolerate transplanting well, so it is recommended to sow the seeds directly in the final location. You can sow the seeds in two ways: in rows or in holes. If you opt for lines, you must draw grooves 1 cm deep and 20 cm apart, in the bed or in the pot. You must distribute the seeds evenly in the furrows, leaving a space of 2 cm between each seed.

You must cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, without pressing them down. You must water the furrows with water, using a watering can with a fine nozzle, so as not to displace the seeds. If you opt for holes, you must make holes 1 cm deep and 5 cm in diameter, in the bed or in the pot. You must place 3 or 4 seeds in each hole, leaving a space of 10 cm between each hole. You must cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, without pressing them down. You must water the holes with water, using a watering can with a fine nozzle, so as not to displace the seeds.

Irrigation

The fourth is to irrigate the plants. Carrots are a plant that needs constant humidity, but not waterlogging. You should water the plants every day, preferably in the morning or afternoon, avoiding strong sun. You must water the plants with clean, fresh water, using a watering can with a fine nozzle, so as not to hurt the leaves or roots. You should water the plants at the base, without wetting the leaves or flowers, to avoid fungal diseases. You must water the plants carefully, without soaking the soil, to avoid root rot.

You should check the soil moisture by sticking your finger or a toothpick in it to see if you need to water more or less. You should keep the soil moist, but not wet, throughout the carrot cycle.

Fertilizing

The fifth is to fertilize the plants. Carrots are a plant that needs nutrients to grow well, especially nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. You must fertilize the plants with organic fertilizers, such as earthworm humus, organic compost, tanned manure, bone meal, wood ash or castor bean cake. You should avoid chemical fertilizers such as urea, superphosphate or potassium chloride, which can harm the quality and flavor of the carrot.

You must fertilize the plants in two ways: when sowing and when covering. If you choose to sow, you must mix the organic fertilizer with the soil, in the proportion of 10%, before sowing the seeds. If you opt for coverage, you must spread organic fertilizer over the soil, in the amount of 100 g per square meter, after sowing the seeds. You must fertilize the plants every 30 days until harvest. You should water the plants right after fertilizing, to dissolve and incorporate the fertilizer into the soil.

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