Native to the counties of Aberdeen and Angus in Scotland, the Aberdeen-Angus breed is well-defined and distinctive. Their ancestors were primitive animals found in northern Scotland during the 18th century, which did not have a uniform racial pattern, with diverse colors and many animals with horns. During the breeding process, hornless animals were selected.
See the main characteristics of the aberdeen angus breeds
The animals of the Aberdeen-Angus breed are large and have a uniform black coat. Its head is small and the face is slightly flushed, the absence of horns being the most notable feature. They have prominent eyes, medium-sized ears covered with fur, and jaws and jowls with excess skin.
The neck is short and smoothly connects to the upper part of the shoulder, showing few wrinkles of skin in the lower anterior part, while the dewlap is poorly developed.
The body of Aberdeen-Angus animals is deeper and more cylindrical than most cattle. They have a broad, well-muscled chest, ribs that are arched apart, moderately reduced bone and a straight backline, with a broad, flat loin and back. The croup is wide compared to the body length, while the limbs are well set out. The navel is short and the tail long. The musculature is abundant throughout the body, demonstrating the great capacity for meat production.
Males of the Aberdeen-Angus breed show features of masculinity and roughness, with uniform and abundant musculature. Bulls are bulkier than cows of the same age and condition, and their great prepotency for transmitting skin and coat color can result in something interesting: they can produce completely black offspring, even when mated with females of other colors. .
To be considered adults, bulls must weigh over 900 kg when in good health and musculature.
Aberdeen-Angus cows should have feminine characteristics, with a light, sharply profiled head. The udder must be of ideal size, demonstrating its ability to produce enough milk for its young. As adults, cows must reach a weight of over 600 kg, taking into account their state of meat and possible pregnancy.
Acceptance of race in some places
The Aberdeen-Angus breed has long been considered in the United States as the ideal type of meat-producing bovine, with traits that are highly desirable to breeders. Its exceptionally good type is liked by all, with short limbs, a developed and fleshy body.
Climatic adaptation of this breed
Like other European breeds, the Aberdeen-Angus breed faces difficulties in adapting to the Brazilian breeding environment due to the tropical climate, parasites and the extensive regime with exclusive feeding on pastures.
Among the undesirable characteristics of the breed are males and females of colors other than black, the presence of white on the midline in front of the navel and on the extremities, the presence of horns or scars in place of the horns, excessively thin extremities and excessively rump. short and drooping, as observed in some specimens.
What is the difference between Angus and Aberdeen?
In fact, there is a marked difference between the two breeds of Angus cattle. The main difference is in the color of the coat: while the Aberdeen Angus has a uniform black coat, the Red Angus has a reddish coat, with shade variations ranging from light red to dark red. Another subtle difference is in body conformation, with the Red Angus having a more elegant and refined profile than the Aberdeen Angus. Both breeds, however, are part of the same group, Aberdeen.